The use of facial recognition for surveillance, or algorithms that manipulate human behaviour, will be banned under proposed EU regulations on artificial intelligence.
The wide-ranging proposals, which were leaked ahead of their official publication, also promised tough new rules for what they deem high-risk AI.
That includes algorithms used by the police and in recruitment.
Experts said the rules were vague and contained loopholes.
The use of AI in the military is exempt, as are systems used by authorities in order to safeguard public security.
The suggested list of banned AI systems includes:
- those designed or used in a manner that manipulates human behaviour, opinions or decisions …causing a person to behave, form an opinion or take a decision to their detriment
- AI systems used for indiscriminate surveillance applied in a generalised manner
- AI systems used for social scoring
- those that exploit information or predictions and a person or group of persons in order to target their vulnerabilities…
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